BLACK SEA STORMS 

PROJECT: ”Changes in storminess and coastal erosion induced by climate variability along the Black Sea Coast. Management and adaptation – BS_STEMA”

BS_STEMA

Financed by UEFISCDI and EU under FP7 Initiative ERA.Net RUS Plus through contract nr. 42/2016

Director: Alfred Vespremeanu-Stroe

Partners:

Leading Partner – University of Bucharest

Partner 1 – P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Partner 2 – Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Period: 2016 – 2018

Short description: Increasing attention is currently given worldwide to the studies of coastal hazards particularly to those associated with widely acknowledged climate changes, as they represent the major threat for ever enlarging human activities on the coastal zone. Multi-spatial and temporal scale research is needed due to the complexity of local storm impact and the diversity of associated controlling factors. This research project aims to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the Black Sea coast dynamics and associated storm related environmental issues. The collaborative scientific endeavour of the three partners focuses on determining the storm patterns in the Black Sea basin and storminess evolution, the multi-decadal coastal evolution, the imprints of storminess variability and of major storms on coastline dynamics in order to build specific coastal erosion management schemes and to project future adaptation strategies to climate change impacts. This collaborative project has the potential to enhance the scientific knowledge, to strengthen the scientific and professional collaboration among institutes in the Black Sea countries, to facilitate the utilization of scientific knowledge and modern management tools in achieving integrated coastal and sea management, to lay the scientific foundations for forecasting the coastal system response to storminess and climate variability at different spatial and temporal scales necessary for the rational use of coastal resources and safeguarding ecological security in the interests of stable development of human activities. The socioeconomic benefits of this project relate to efficient Integrated Coastal Zone Management plans and schemes as based on site specific scientific background and to cutting down the costs of coastal protection works through prioritization and adaptation strategies to coastal erosion and inundation.

Objectives: 

Objective 1: Storm patterns and storminess evolution in the Black Sea basin

1.1. Storm climate analysis.

1.2. Correlative analysis of storminess and different modes of climate variability (e.g. North-Atlantic Oscillation).

Objective 2: Coastal evolution during the last 100 years

2.1. Multi-decadal shoreline dynamics.

2.2. Co-evolution of storminess and coastline dynamics.

2.3. Future trends in coastal evolution.

Objective 3: Coastal vulnerability assessment to erosion and flooding hazards. Risk analysis along critical areas

3.1. Computation of Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) at a regional scale for the entire Black Sea basin.

3.2. Computation of Beach Vulnerability Index (BVI) at local level, along the previously identified coastal sectors.

3.3. Computation of socio-economic risks for the same locations as BVI.

Objective 4: Coastal erosion management and future adaptation to climate change impacts

4.1 Policy conduct and legal framework analysis of climate adaptation and mitigation with emphasis to economic efficiency ecological effectiveness and wider political legitimacy.

4.2 Development of capacity building, dissemination and strategic interventions for adaptation and mitigation to climate change along representative study sites on the Black Sea coasts.

RESULTS

Publications

  • Zăinescu, F., Tătui, F., Valchev, N., Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., 2017. Storm climate on the Danube Delta coast: evidence of recent storminess change and links with large-scale teleconnection patterns. Natural Hazards. 87(2), 599-621.
  • Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Zăinescu, F., Preoteasa, L., Tătui, F., Rotaru, S., Morhange, C., Stoica, M., Hanganu, J., Gabor-Timar, A., Cârdan, I., Piotrowska, N., 2017. Holocene evolution of the Danube delta: an integral reconstruction and a revised chronology. Marine Geology, 388, 38-61.
  • Zăinescu, F., Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., 2016. Storm Climate and Morphological Imprints on the Danube Delta Coast, In: Rădoane, M. and Vespremeanu-Stroe, A. (Eds.), Landform Dynamics and Evolution in Romania, 845-865, Springer Geography, ISBN 978-3-319-32589-7.

International Conferences

  • Korzynin, D., Shtremel, M., Tătui, F., Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Long-term variability of coastal profile in different geomorphological conditions (the case of Black Sea sandy coasts). MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2017 Conference, Aberdeen, Scotland, June 2017.
  • Tătui, F., Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Constantinescu, Ș., Zăinescu, F., Danube delta coastline dynamics in the last 160 years. European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Viena, Austria, April 2017; abstract published in Abstract Book (Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 19/2017).
  • Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Zăinescu, F., Tătui, F., Preoteasa, L., Mesoscale Coastal Behavior of a Deltaic Barrier Island: Storm-Driven Evolution and Morphodynamic Feedbacks. European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Viena, Austria, April 2017; abstract published in Abstract Book (Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 19/2017).
  •  Zăinescu, F., Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Tătui, F., An extreme breaching of a barrier spit – insights on large breach formation and its impact on the barrier dynamics. European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Viena, Austria, April 2017; abstract published in Abstract Book (Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 19/2017).
  • Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Preoteasa, L., Tătui, F., Zăinescu, F., Anthropic signature on the Danube delta evolution and Danube mouths dynamics, Central and Eastern Europe Paleoscience Symposium: From Local to Global, Cluj-Napoca, 23.05 – 26.05.2016.

National Conferences

  • Ristea, M., Tătui, F., Coastal storms risk assessment for Mamaia and Eforie Barriers. Al XXXIII-lea Simpozion Naţional de Geomorfologie, Iași, 11 – 14 mai 2017.
  • Tătui, F., Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Zăinescu, F., Constantinescu, Ș., Danube delta coastline dynamics in the last 160 years. Al XXXIII-lea Simpozion Naţional de Geomorfologie, Iași, 11 – 14 mai 2017.
  • Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Zăinescu, F., Tătui, F., Preoteasa, L., 120 years of Sacalin barrier island/spit evolution (1897-2017): different trends and driving processes for each of the three barriers sectors. Al XXXIII-lea Simpozion Naţional de Geomorfologie, Iași, 11 – 14 mai 2017.
  • Vespremeanu-Stroe, A., Zăinescu, F., Preoteasa, L., Tătui, F., O nouă teorie privind evoluţia Holocenă a Deltei Dunării: reconstituirea integrală şi o nouă cronologie cu reliefarea patternurilor morfodinamice, Simpozionul Național de Geomorfologie, Piatra Neamț, 19.05 – 22.05.2016.

 

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

  1. BS_STEMA_RST_2016